The Museums of Trabzon and Sinop,
Trabzon Ataturk House:
Ataturk House is in the Soguksu district of Trabzon surrounded by a large garden. The House was built in 1913 and has four stories. The House was bought by the Trabzon Municipality during the Republican period and presented to Ataturk.
Ataturk came to Trabzon three times: On September 15, 1924, on November 27, 1930, and on June 10, 1937, and stayed in this house. After Ataturk’s death, Trabzon Municipality organized the House as a museum and opened it to the public. At the entrance is displayed the text of the speech which Ataturk made in Trabzon on September 15, 1924. The small room on the right contains photographs of Ataturk’s life and his visits to Trabzon, and the room leading off it contains the armchairs and sofas which he used. The dining room is also on this floor. On the upper floor are Ataturk’s bedroom, his bathroom, study and aide de camp rooms.
Trabzon Saint Sophia Museum:
Trabzon Saint Sophia Church is both a museum and a monument of unique architectural value. The church was rebuilt in the Byzantine period by Manuel I ‘Kommenos in 1245. During the Ottoman period, it was turned into a mosque. The building is in the shape of a cross and covered with a dome. There are two colonnades to the west, north, and south. Inside the church are frescoes depicting scenes from the Bible and in the dome is a statue of Jesus.
In the church and the garden are also displayed masonry from the Roman and Byzantine periods.
First steps to found a museum in Sinop were taken in 1921. Historical works from the region were stored first in Sinop Primary School, then in 1933 moved to the Aladdin Medrese a Seljuk period building. In 1941 the works were exhibited and the Medrese opened to the public as a museum. The museum gradually became short of space as the number of works in the museum increased from 350 to 1500 and gained a coin collection of 560, and in 1967 construction of a new museum building began. The museum was completed in 1970 and works found in excavations in Sinop and previously taken to Ankara were brought balk and displayed in the new museum building. Sinop
Museum contains the following sections
Archaeological works: The works in this section “have been arranged in chronological order. There are clay, glass, stone, and metal objects and ceramics from the Hittite, Hellenistic, Phrygian, Roman and Byzantine periods and Prehistoric objects. The room also contains a small collection of coins.
Ethnographic Works: This section contains clothing, ornaments, kitchen utensils, and gold and silver inlaid weapons from the region.
Carpets and Writing section: This section contains examples of XVI and XVIII century Ledik-Gordes carpets, handwritten inscription’s, gilded manuscripts of the Koran and lecterns inlaid with ‘mother of pearl. The courtyard of the museum contains masonry, offering stones, sarcophagi, and inscriptions.